Biogas based polygeneration plant options utilizing dairy farms waste: A Bolivian case
ELSEVIER, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 37, 100571, February 2020
Authors: J.Villarroel-Schneider a,b ; Brijesh Mainali c ; J.Martí-Herrero d,e ; Anders Malmquist a ; Andrew Martin a ; Lucio Alejo b
a Department of Energy Technology, School of Industrial Technology and Management (ITM), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm SE 100 44, Sweden
b Facultad de Ciencias y Tecnología (FCyT), Universidad Mayor de San Simón (UMSS), Cochabamba, Bolivia
c Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology, Linnaéus University, 351 95 Växjö, Sweden
d Biomass to Resources Group, Universidad Regional Amazónica Ikiam, Tena, Ecuador
e Building Energy and Environment Group, Centre Internacional de Mètodes Numèrics en Enginyeria (CIMNE), Edifici GAIA (TR14), C/Rambla Sant Nebridi. 22, 08222 Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain
This study presents a comparative techno-economic feasibility analysis for two polygeneration plant solutions, applied to low-income dairy farms in Bolivia. The first option considers an internally fired microturbine (IFMT) and, the second, an internal combustion engine (ICE). They are integrated with an absorption refrigeration system and a fertilizer dryer. Biogas, produced with farms waste, fuels these power generators. The levelized costs of biogas for cooking, electricity, cooling and fertilizers were determined. The cost of biogas, for both options, was found to be 0.020 USD/kWh, which is lower than the subsidized price of LPG. The most competitive cost of electricity was determined for the ICE plant option; it was found to be 0.082 USD/kWh and is lower than the subsidized cost of fossil fuel-based electricity. The cost of cooling was found to be around 0.082 USD/kWh, which is slightly higher than the cost of cooling supplied by using grid electricity. In a realistic scenario, the shorter payback period was found to be 4.4 years for the ICE plant option. From this, the ICE-based plant was found as the most feasible option. Additionally, if no subsidies are applied to the fossil fuel-based services, the proposed polygeneration systems are a highly competitive alternative.
- Biogas based polygeneration solutions were proposed for dairy farmers in Bolivia.
- The costs of the plant services were determined.
- The services costs were compared with the costs of fossil fuel-based services.
- Techno-economic analysis was done to observe the competitiveness of the solutions.
- The results permitted to explore scenarios where the solutions can be feasible.